Juárez

Ciudad Benito Juárez, or simply Juárez, is the name of a city located in the eastern part of the Monterrey metropolitan area in the state of Nuevo León, Mexico. It is the seat of the municipality of the same name.

Ciudad Benito Juárez had a 2010 census population of 256,970 persons and is the eighth-largest city in Nuevo León. It shares borders with the municipalities of Pesquería to the north; to the south with Santiago; to the east with Cadereyta Jiménez; and to the west with Guadalupe.

Origin of the name

In honor of Mexican president from the 19th century, Benito Juárez.

History

Founded as “Hacienda de San José” or “Hacienda San José de loz González” on June 15, 1604. The Governor of the state of Nuevo León, Martín de Zavala, granted the lands for settlement to Bernabé González Hidalgo on April 1, 1642.

The congress of the state decreed on March 1, 1850 the foundation of a new district with the name “El Rosario”, within then “Hacienda de Villa”. This new district was part of the municipality of Cadereyta until 1868.

On December 30, 1868, General Jerónimo Treviño, governor of the state of Nuevo León, decreed that the “Villa de Juárez” (Juarez’s Village) will be founded and recognized in the same area “El Rosario” occupied. As all of the other present-day municipalities of the state, Juárez was part of the system of villages used in the 19th century. These villages were founded in order to exploit the natural resources of the zone.

Villa de Juárez was granted the title of city in May, 1988 with the name of “Ciudad Benito Juárez”.

Present day

The city is going under a heavy process of urbanization and construction of houses and residential complexes, as all of the inner municipalities part of the Monterrey metropolitan area have no more room available.

Geography

The municipality has an extension of 277.8 km² and located at an altitude of 403 meters above the sea level.

The territory is mountainous, but with not important elevations, with around 70% of plain or semi-plain lands and 30% of rugged terrain.

The lands are crossed by River La Silla, that joins River Santa Catarina in a place called “Las adjuntas”. River La Silla joins River San Juan in the municipality of Cadereyta Jiménez.

Climate

Juárez’s annual average temperature is 22° celsius, and its annual rain precipitation is 400 mm. Dominant winds comes from the north.

Tourist Assistance + Emergency Numbers

You can dial 078 from any phone, where you can find free information about tourist attractions, airports, travel agencies, car rental companies, embassies and consulates, fairs and exhibitions, hotels, hospitals, financial services, migratory and other issues.

Or dial the toll-free (in Mexico) number 01-800-006-8839.

You can also request information to the email correspondencia@sectur.gob.mx

MORE EMERGENCY NUMBERS:

General Information: 040 (not free)

SNational Emergency Service: 911

Radio Patrols: 066
Police (Emergency): 060
Civil Protection: +52(55)5683-2222
Anonymous Complaint: 089

Setravi (Transport Mobility): +52(55)5209-9913
Road Emergency: 074

Cruz Roja: 065 o +52(55)5557-5757
Firefighters: 068 o +52(55)5768-3700


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