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Atenango del Río

Atenango del Río is a city and seat of the municipality of Atenango del Río, in the state of Guerrero, south-western Mexico.

When erected the state of Guerrero, was already Atenango municipality, which was originally part of the state of Mexico which took away a part of its territory to form the current state of Guerrero.

Geo & Climate

The type of climate is predominantly warm subhumid, with minimum temperatures of 22 °C and maximum 26 °C.

The rainfall covers the months of June, July, August, and September, with an average annual rainfall of 900 to 1.100 mm, the recorded wind direction is from east to west and from north to south in summer.

Origin of the Name

Some historians say the name derives from the Nahuatl Atenango, which translated into Spanish means “in the wall of water”, but others argue it should be interpreted as “place of the dam or dike.”

The addition of the river was due to its location on the banks of the river Amacuzac.


Prehispanic Background

As stated in the Codex Mendoza Atenango paid tribute to the Aztecs who had managed to dominate the region. The tribute was to give them corn, beans, chile, cotton blankets, and carved stones for necklaces, which they called “chalchihuitl” or green stone, commonly called jade.

Colonial history

In colonial times was present Atenango for being the setting in which Hernando Ruiz de Alarcon wrote a “Treatise on the orders of the Archbishop of Mexico, which narrates the customs that were the indigenous inhabitants of these lands.”

The title of the treaty was “Treaty of Customs and Rites today we live gentile inhabitants of this place,” as well at that time were built three churches in the colonial style existed in the municipality, being that of Atenango River, Comala, and Santiago Gómez-Zacango.

19th century

Atenango is present because Generalissimo Don Jose Maria Morelos, having emerged from Uruapan to Tehuacán escorting the Congress came to Atenango Morelos, and wanted to cross the river requested information, did not receive one and the cross where Crey + or should be choked his soldiers and horses, annoyed ordered to burn the village, leaving only standing the house, kept going and Tesmalaca as it was called then Temalac, decided to rest his people.

Only the colonial army commanded by the top leaders who had come following in the steps, to arrive at Atenango Tulimán, villagers were told they were not far away, rushed his way and on day 5 November 1815, having sent forward to Members and the file, Morelos was in the rear and was discovered when he was about to reach the summit of the hill of Tecaballo whose foot is Temalac.

The colonial soldiers were led by a villager who was forced to teach a path come their way, Morelos tried to hide but was caught by Matthew Carranza who was a soldier who had fought under the command of Morelos and was now siding with their enemies.

Morelos was captured and brought to Atenango where on Nov. 6 in his presence, were shot soldiers taken prisoner along with him. The generous people with their heroes contain the remains of these soldiers and annually pay tribute to them on 17 September.

20th century

The beginnings of the revolution against Porfirio Díaz in Atenango had relevance for the following situation: Having invited many people to participate in the insurrection Mata Figueroa brothers, came and took the place of Atenango peacefully, on 26 February 1911.

In this place, we read a proclamation that the teacher had written Francisco Mata Figueroa, which unknown to Porfirio Díaz as President and also among other things asked for free elections.

To remember this historical event President Luis Echeverria Alvarez, visited the town on that date important to deliver deeds to the people made by the government of the Republic, counting among these the most important works, the bridge over the river to the neighboring municipalities Amacuzac of Copalillo and Olinalá and the states of Puebla and Morelos.

Between forty and fifty years the town lost territory to be annexed to Huitzuco communities: Tulimán, Paso Morelos, San Miguel de las Palmas, and Cahuilotla Chaucingo.

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