Bacadéhuachi is a Mexican small town located in the northeast of the state of Sonora, in the upper area of the Sierra Madre Occidental.
It is located 277 km east of Hermosillo, the state capital, 295 km south of the border city of Agua Prieta, and 409 km northwest of the port city of Heroica Guaymas.
Bacadéhuachi is the head of the municipality of Bacadéhuachi, and according to the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI), in 2010 it had 1,251 inhabitants, being the most populated town in the municipality.
The meaning of its name comes from the indigenous language of the Opatas, originally as “Bacadeguatzi” which comes from linguistic roots: Baca which means “reed”, degua, which means “entrance or door” and tzi which means “place”.
In other words, Bacadéhuachi means “At the entrance of the reed”.
In times prior to the year 1600, this area was inhabited by Opata indigenous settlements. It was until the year 1645 that it was founded by the Jesuit missionary Cristóbal García, as a mission and named San Luis Gonzága de Bacadéhuachi.
Soon it became an important population center in its early years, due to the essays given by various evangelists.
After the Independence of Mexico, a justice of the peace was in charge of the administration of the town. Later, in the second half of the 19th century, the municipal category was obtained for the municipality of Bacadéhuachi, which was attached together with the District of Moctezuma (today Municipality of Moctezuma).
On November 1, 1916, while the Yaqui war was being fought in the state, the town was attacked by the Yaqui tribe, but General Gilberto R. Limón came out in defense of the settlers, remaining a local hero.
In 1930, the municipality of Bacadéhuachi was incorporated into the municipality of Bacerac, but a year later, on May 20, 1931, by Law No. 88 it was rehabilitated as an independent and definitive municipality, and this town of the same name was named as head municipal.
The town of Bacadéhuachi is located in the northeast of the state of Sonora, at an average height of 702 meters above sea level.
Its territory is surrounded by foothills of the Sierra Madre Occidental, with rugged, flat, and semi-flat areas, highlighting the Bacadéhuachi, 8 Azul, and Los Mojones mountains.
The Bavispe River, which constitutes the upper current of the Yaqui River, enters the jurisdiction of Bacadéhuachi from the municipality of Granados, receives the waters of the Bacadéhuachi stream, and continues to Tepache and Divisaderos.
Bacadéhuachi has a semi-dry and warm climate, with an average annual temperature of 20.6 ° C, an average annual maximum of 30 ° C and an average annual minimum of 11.2 ° C. The hottest temperature that has occurred in the last 50 years is 49 ° C while the coldest has been -9 ° C.
The rainy period occurs in summer, in the months of July and August with an annual average rainfall of 483 millimeters and with occasional frosts from January to February.
Iglesia de Nuestra Señora de Loreto (“Church of Our Lady of Loreto”) was built in the 17th century (approx. between 1709-1740).
The church was partially rebuilt in 1887, after being damaged by an earthquake.
Its architecture shows gold stews and New Spanish paintings. It consists of 88 figures in its interior that go from the 17th to the 20th century, which were included in the inventories carried out by the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) through the Registry of the National Identification Program and Furniture Catalog of Historical Monuments.
Holidays and traditions
May 3: feast of the Holy Cross
September 8-10: patronal feast of the Virgin of Loreto
September 25-27: Sierra Alta festival