Hiking trails in Central Mexico: Valley of the Volcanoes
Hiking may not be the first thing that comes to mind when you’re planning a vacation to Mexico.
But these trails will have you dreaming of dramatic volcanoes, valleys, and forests. The diverse landscapes of central Mexico offer hikers accessible and safe trails, unspoiled camping sites, and the chance to appreciate native flora and fauna.
Unsurprisingly, the mountains on this list sit at relatively high altitudes, so make sure to give yourself time to acclimatize if you’re unaccustomed to the thinner air. Hiring a local guide services is recommended.
Paso de Cortés
Despite Mexico’s second and third-highest peaks, the intimidating Popocatépetl and Iztaccíhuatl, that rise up on either side, hiking the Paso de Cortés is surprisingly doable as a day trip from Mexico City.
More importantly, it offers some of the best volcano-watching in the country. According to legend, it was here that Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes first spotted the Aztec city of Tenochtitlan as he advanced inland from Veracruz.
In the half-century since this grassy mountain pass hasn’t lost any of its beauty.
There is a bus service from TAPO station in the city to the town of Amecameca where you’ll then need to grab a taxi to the Iztaccíhuatl-Popocatépetl National Park (also known as Itza-Popo) entrance at Paso de Cortés.
Alternatively, rent a car or join a guided tour.
From the park entrance, the round trip hike covers 20 km and can take 6 to 8 hours to complete, depending on your pace and ability to resist the hundreds of photo opportunities.
A shorter hike is also possible from La Joya, a little further up the mountain. The Itza-Popo National Park entrance fee is around 2 USD. Camping is available at a small additional cost (and highly recommended if you’ve got the time).
Experienced hikers up for a challenge may be interested in tackling the sleeping lady, Iztaccíhuatl, which peaks at over 5,18 km. You better hire a guide if you’re unfamiliar with the route as the full ascent includes crossing a glacier.
Cumbres del Ajusco
If you’ve got a spare day and need an escape from central Mexico City, Ajusco is your best bet for relaxed hiking, mountain biking, horseback riding, camping, and climbing.
Considering its proximity to the metropolis, Ajusco is remarkably wild and has plenty of trails that offer panoramic vistas of the city and the volcanoes of the surrounding valley.
The quickest way to get to Ajusco from the city center is by car. The route can be complicated and will take around an hour, depending on traffic. There is also a local bus service to the nearby town of San Miguel Ajusco.
Most visitors choose to tackle the Cerro Ajusco hike (technically a 3,962-meter-high lava dome volcano itself), starting from a trailhead near Cabaña Vicky restaurant on the main Circuito Ajusco road.
The five-hour return walk will be easily manageable for active hikers, first crossing El Pico del Aguila before reaching the main peak of La Cruz de Marquesa. Get started early to avoid the smog ruining your view.
Nevado de Colima
Rising to almost 4,267 m near the border of the states of Jalisco and Colima, El Nevado de Colima, also known as Zapotepetl, is the seventh-highest mountain in Mexico.
The jagged, dramatic peak is surrounded by pine, fir, and oak forests, with grazing land around the base. Popular on weekends but quiet otherwise, Nevado is a secluded spot for camping and hiking.
The safest option is to book a guided tour or rent a car suitable for off-roading and drive 3 hours from Guadalajara to El Nevado. Park entry is a couple of dollars and there are rangers on duty.
Visitors will need to bring all the necessary provisions, including water.
The main route to the summit is a marked, medium-intensity hike that doesn’t require any technical gear during the dry season, from November to April.
The trailhead can be found near La Joya and makes for an adventurous 8,85 km round trip (around 5 hours walking) through forest, sand, and a little rock-scrambling near the top.
On a clear morning, you might be able to spot the Pacific Ocean, as well as having a front-row seat for the antics of the neighboring Volcán de Fuego. Pitch a tent at La Joya for the night and you’ll hear the rustling of raccoons, squirrels, and maybe even one of the ocelots that have begun to reappear after recent investment in the regeneration of the park.
Keep an eye on volcanic activity in the area, as the Volcán de Fuego is one of the most active in North America and occasionally prompts closures.
The varied climate and terrain of the huge Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve make it Mexico’s most environmentally diverse protected area and a rewarding destination for nature lovers.
It extends over 388 sq km of rugged mountains and lush valleys In Queretaro and was originally inhabited by the Otomi, Pame, and Chichimeca peoples, many of whom still live in the area today.
Jalpan de Serra, the city most travelers visiting the Sierra Gorda use as a base, is a 5.5-hour drive north of Mexico City or four hours northeast of Queretaro and can be easily reached by bus.
However, once you’re inside the reserve, a car comes in handy unless you’re on an organized tour.
The Puente de Dios is the reserve’s star attraction, reached via an hour-long walk (6,44 km return trip) along the Escanela River to the limestone bridge that forms a cavernous waterfall. Keen hikers can cool off in the crystal-blue pools before tackling the strenuous hike up to the Peña de la Gloria waterfall. Don’t be afraid to get your feet wet!
The five Franciscan missions of Sierra Gorda, built in the mid-18th century, are also worth a visit.
They were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2003 due to the intricately decorated façades and interiors that combine indigenous symbolism with more traditional Catholic themes.
After bursting up from a cornfield in the Purépecha lands of Michoacán in 1943, Paricutín holds the distinction of being the youngest volcano in the Americas.
It’s a 3.5-hour drive from Morelia, the state capital, to the town of Angahuan, so you might prefer to spend the night in one of the cabañas there or in San Juan Nuevo Parangaricutiro, also nearby.
On public transport, you’ll need to catch a bus to Uruapan and then a local “collectivo” to Angahuan. Group day tours are also available from Morelia.
Once you make it to Angahuan, it’s an hour’s walk or a shorter horseback ride to the main attraction, the old town of San Juan Parangaricutiro, where the church remains standing in what is now an otherworldly lava field.
Independent visitors can wander all or part of the 21 km loop trail around the base of the volcano but, if you’re looking to break a sweat, a guide is required to reach the top of the cinder cone. You can find one at the tourist center in Angahuan.
Make sure to confirm with your guide whether you’ll be taking the longer route or the shorter route, 12 km or 7 km one way respectively, through the pine forest and lava rocks. If horseback riding is more your style, you’ll need to take a longer trip as the horses aren’t able to cross the lava field.
The last scramble to the top must be completed on foot, but getting a peek inside the dormant volcano is definitely worth it.