Gambling laws in Mexico
The Federal Executive, through the Ministry of the Interior, is in charge of exercising the surveillance and control of games with bets and raffles in Mexico, as well as compliance with the Federal Law of Games and Raffles and its regulations.
Talking about the game in Mexico, we must go back to pre-Hispanic times, since it was a pastime that accompanied hunting and sports games such as the ball game. It is true that card games and cockfighting are the heritage of the Spaniards, but in pre-Hispanic cultures, other kinds of hobbies did exist.
There is a record that in Mexico the first cockfight was held on Glory Saturday of 1519, after the celebration of the Glory mass, with the beach that extends in Veracruz in front of San Juan de Ulúa as a stage and, half a century. Later, in 1583, the first printing house for playing cards in New Spain emerged.
Later, on August 7, 1770, it was announced that there would be a lottery in New Spain, under the name of the Royal General Lottery of New Spain and whose Plan and Rules were published in a Royal Bando on September 19 of the same. anus. Project approved by the King of Spain Carlos III.
The Royal General Lottery of New Spain carried out its first draw on May 13, 1771, and 10 years later the Viceroy Don Martín de Mayorga granted the first contribution to a public charity, channeling it to the Hospice for the Poor.
During the Colony, numerous lotteries and raffles were held in conventions, parishes, and schools to finance some public works and cockfights became one of the best distractions in society.
Despite the claims of the ecclesiastical authorities and its activity being prohibited for several years, it was incorporated into the Renta de Naipes and its activity was regulated once independent Mexico was installed.
In the 20th century, casino activity began to spread. In Mexico, taking advantage of the Dry Law in the United States (1920-1933), during the government of General Álvaro Obregón, General Plutarco Elías Calles, Secretary of War and Navy, supports its establishment.
All these led to the flourishing of canteens, racetracks, and gaming houses in the border states, particularly in the municipalities of Mexicali and Tijuana in Baja California and Ciudad Juárez in Chihuahua.
On June 24, 1938, President Lázaro Cárdenas decreed the abolition of casinos, and years later, on March 6, 1943, President Manuel Ávila Camacho inaugurated the Hippodrome of the Americas.
In 1947, President Miguel Alemán Valdés enacted the Federal Law on Games and Raffles, which gives the Ministry of the Interior the power to regulate, authorize and control the games allowed in the Law itself that involves betting.
Finally, in 1955 the first permit in Mexico for gambling was granted to the company Espectaculos Deportivos Frontón México.